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Oleks's picture

Hi Ed! Thank you! "The wind was increasing" - I think...

1 hour 8 min ago
Oleks's picture

Thank you, Kealin! This text was difficult for me...

1 hour 11 min ago
Oleks's picture

Hi Ed! Thank you for your comment and link! "The girl...

1 hour 16 min ago
Oleks's picture

Thank you, Kealin, for your comment and advise! I will...

1 hour 18 min ago
Oleks's picture

Thank you, Ros! Your comments always motivate me for...

1 hour 23 min ago

Desert 37

"At the very beginning, when there was no rampart but tin walls stood, we had to bow to every gangster from the big road if he had a gang more than the combat-ready inhabitants we had. These times are long gone. Now we have the rampart and the moat, and we can stand up for ourselves even if there will be a lot of attackers. There are many cases in history when the inhabitants of fortified settlements, even by small numbers, could repulse large armies."

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CategoryAdequate to goodGood to ExcellentNeeds work
Accent

The learner's ability to pronounce words shared by the people of a particular country or region of the language they are learning.

Good effort at accent. Quite close to that of a native speaker
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Excellent effort at accent. Extremely close to that of a native speaker.
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Limited effort at accent. Definitely a non-native speaker
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Fluency

The learner's ability to speak continuously by chunking and linking words together. For example, instead of saying very slowly, "I - am - poor. I - have - no - money" like a robot, a fluent speaker would say, "I'm poor because I don't have any money."

Speech is relatively smooth; some hesitation and unevenness caused by rephrasing and searching for words
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Smooth and fluid speech; few to no hesitations; no attempts to search for words; volume is excellent
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Speech is frequently hesitant with some sentences left uncompleted
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Intonation

The learner's ability to understand the relative emphasis that may be given to certain syllables in a word, or to certain words in a phrase or sentence

Able to identify and produce correct intonation, word stress and rhythm patterns with 50-90% accuracy.
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Able to identify and produce correct intonation, word stress and rhythm patterns with 90-100% accuracy.
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Able to identify and produce correct intonation, word stress and rhythm patterns with < 50% accuracy
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Pronunciation

The learners' ability to enunciate the various consonants, consonant blends, vowels, and vowel blends in words, words linked together, and words in sentences.

The pronunciation contained some individual word pronunciation errors. Around 3-4 errors
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The pronunciation is exceptional and mirrors a native speaker. Shows a clear understanding of word stress and intonation. Only 0-2 errors
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The pronunciation is inconsistent and made it difficult to understand. 5 or more errors
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kjcoffin's picture
I learn : Spanish (Intermediate)
3190

"At the very beginning, when there was no rampart but tin walls stood, we had to bow to every gangster from the big road if he had a bigger gang more than the combat-ready inhabitants we had. These times are long gone. Now we have the rampart and the moat so that we can stand up for ourselves even if there will be a lot of attackers. There are many cases in history when the inhabitants of fortified settlements, even by small numbers, could repulse large armies."

Your writing has improved a lot, congrats

5
Average: 5 (1 vote)
Oleks's picture
Oleks :
I learn : English (Beginner)
4709

Thank you, Kealin! It's all thanks to you and everyone who helps me.

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Ros Watson's picture
I learn : Italian (Beginner) French (Beginner)
6068

Great post as usual, Oleks!

"At the very beginning, when there was no rampart, just tin walls but tin walls stood, we had to bow to every gangster from the big road if he had a gang more larger gang than the combat-ready inhabitants we had. These times are long gone. Now we have the rampart and the moat, and we can stand up for ourselves even if there will be are a lot of attackers. [You are using the first conditional here.  So here you are using the result clause first: ('we can stand up for ourselves' - using the modal verb 'can' to show ability instead of 'will')  Then you use the 'if'  clause which is always the present tense: 'if there are a lot of attackers'] There are many cases in history when the even small numbers of inhabitants of fortified settlements, even by small numbers, could have been able to repulse large armies."

5
Average: 5 (1 vote)
Oleks's picture
Oleks :
I learn : English (Beginner)
4709

Hi Ros! Thank you! Now I understand conditional terms better thanks to you.

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edhutchins88's picture
I learn : Chinese (Beginner) French (Beginner) German (Beginner) Portuguese (Beginner) Spanish (Beginner) Arabic (Beginner)
6725

Hi Oleks,

That just goes to show how important the construction and ongoing maintenance of the rampart and moat are!

Ros and kjcoffin have done a fantastic job of evaluating your audio and text.

I just have the following point I would like to add.

These times are long gone Those times are long gone. Take a look at this link which explains the differences between the words "these" and "those". As you are talking about what things were like long ago and that you did not approve of, you should use "those".

 

5
Average: 5 (1 vote)
Oleks's picture
Oleks :
I learn : English (Beginner)
4709

Hi Ed! Thank you for your comment and link! I understood difference between "these" and "those" and that there are two reasons to write "those" instead of "these".

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