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Tehreem's picture

yep, I was preparig for an exam and everything is...

Friday, March 27, 2020 - 23:34
Tehreem's picture

hahaha, thank you...

Friday, March 27, 2020 - 23:31
Oleks's picture

Thank you, Faye! I didn't know that. We make bulleted...

Friday, March 27, 2020 - 23:13
Oleks's picture

Hi Ed! Thank you! I think it’s a very good idea to group...

Friday, March 27, 2020 - 23:09
Oleks's picture

Thank you, Ali! I think you are right: complementary...

Friday, March 27, 2020 - 23:07

The development of memory 12

Let me give you a small example. Suppose you are studying English and want to remember the word "coal". Try to remember a similar-sounding English word that you have already known. For example, you remembered the word "goal". Now, all you have to do is create a connection between these two words.

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CategoryAdequate to goodGood to ExcellentNeeds work
Accent

The learner's ability to pronounce words shared by the people of a particular country or region of the language they are learning.

Good effort at accent. Quite close to that of a native speaker
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Excellent effort at accent. Extremely close to that of a native speaker.
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Limited effort at accent. Definitely a non-native speaker
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Fluency

The learner's ability to speak continuously by chunking and linking words together. For example, instead of saying very slowly, "I - am - poor. I - have - no - money" like a robot, a fluent speaker would say, "I'm poor because I don't have any money."

Speech is relatively smooth; some hesitation and unevenness caused by rephrasing and searching for words
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Smooth and fluid speech; few to no hesitations; no attempts to search for words; volume is excellent
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Speech is frequently hesitant with some sentences left uncompleted
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Intonation

The learner's ability to understand the relative emphasis that may be given to certain syllables in a word, or to certain words in a phrase or sentence

Able to identify and produce correct intonation, word stress and rhythm patterns with 50-90% accuracy.
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Able to identify and produce correct intonation, word stress and rhythm patterns with 90-100% accuracy.
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Able to identify and produce correct intonation, word stress and rhythm patterns with < 50% accuracy
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Pronunciation

The learners' ability to enunciate the various consonants, consonant blends, vowels, and vowel blends in words, words linked together, and words in sentences.

The pronunciation contained some individual word pronunciation errors. Around 3-4 errors
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The pronunciation is exceptional and mirrors a native speaker. Shows a clear understanding of word stress and intonation. Only 0-2 errors
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The pronunciation is inconsistent and made it difficult to understand. 5 or more errors
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Karin Brauner's picture
I learn : German (Beginner)
1830

Great! Enjoying listening to your texts. Keep going, you'll get better at better at pronunciation each time!

5
Average: 5 (1 vote)
Oleks's picture
Oleks :
I learn : English (Beginner)
10763

Thank you, Karin! Nice to hear those words!

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edhutchins88's picture
I learn : Chinese (Beginner) French (Beginner) German (Beginner) Portuguese (Beginner) Spanish (Beginner) Arabic (Beginner)
9711

Hi Oleks,

Wow! That's extremely good advice! I am a teacher and have never come across this learning strategy before. I will definitely tell all my students now yesyes

My comments:

1. you have already known - you have already mastered. (remember, when we learn new things, our aim is to "master" them)

2. For example, you remembered the word "goal" - For example, if you have already learned / mastered the word  "goal"...

 

5
Average: 5 (1 vote)
Oleks's picture
Oleks :
I learn : English (Beginner)
10763

Hi Ed! Thank you! You gave very useful tips, as always.

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Faye W.C.'s picture
I learn : French (Beginner)
939

Hi Oleks,

You pronunciation of "coal" and "goal" sound similar. Remember to enunciate stronger sounds with words that alike sounds: coal (kowl) vs goal (gowl). The ending sounds are the same so more stress is needed on the first sounds. 

5
Average: 5 (1 vote)
Oleks's picture
Oleks :
I learn : English (Beginner)
10763

Hi Faye! Thank you! I'll try to use your advice.

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kjcoffin's picture
I learn : Spanish (Intermediate)
4360

Let me give you a small example. Suppose you are studying English and want to remember the word "coal". Try to remember a similar-sounding English word that you have already known know. For example, you can remembered remember the word "goal." (The period goes before the quoatation mark) Now all you have to do is create a connection between these two words.

5
Average: 5 (1 vote)
Oleks's picture
Oleks :
I learn : English (Beginner)
10763

Thank you, Kealin! Your tips are very useful!

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