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Tehreem's picture

yep, I was preparig for an exam and everything is...

Friday, March 27, 2020 - 23:34
Tehreem's picture

hahaha, thank you...

Friday, March 27, 2020 - 23:31
Oleks's picture

Thank you, Faye! I didn't know that. We make bulleted...

Friday, March 27, 2020 - 23:13
Oleks's picture

Hi Ed! Thank you! I think it’s a very good idea to group...

Friday, March 27, 2020 - 23:09
Oleks's picture

Thank you, Ali! I think you are right: complementary...

Friday, March 27, 2020 - 23:07

The development of memory 6

So, we have three types of memory: sensory, short-term and long-term. We transfer useful information from sensory to short-term memory with the help of attention. In other words, we remember what we pay attention to. The subsequent transfer from short-term to long-term memory is performed with the help of imagination.
Thus, attention and imagination are the cornerstones of our memory.

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Accent

The learner's ability to pronounce words shared by the people of a particular country or region of the language they are learning.

Good effort at accent. Quite close to that of a native speaker
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Limited effort at accent. Definitely a non-native speaker
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Fluency

The learner's ability to speak continuously by chunking and linking words together. For example, instead of saying very slowly, "I - am - poor. I - have - no - money" like a robot, a fluent speaker would say, "I'm poor because I don't have any money."

Speech is relatively smooth; some hesitation and unevenness caused by rephrasing and searching for words
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Smooth and fluid speech; few to no hesitations; no attempts to search for words; volume is excellent
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Speech is frequently hesitant with some sentences left uncompleted
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Intonation

The learner's ability to understand the relative emphasis that may be given to certain syllables in a word, or to certain words in a phrase or sentence

Able to identify and produce correct intonation, word stress and rhythm patterns with 50-90% accuracy.
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Able to identify and produce correct intonation, word stress and rhythm patterns with 90-100% accuracy.
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Able to identify and produce correct intonation, word stress and rhythm patterns with < 50% accuracy
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Pronunciation

The learners' ability to enunciate the various consonants, consonant blends, vowels, and vowel blends in words, words linked together, and words in sentences.

The pronunciation contained some individual word pronunciation errors. Around 3-4 errors
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Aliakbar Majidi's picture
I learn : French (Beginner) Persian (Expert) Spanish (Beginner)
8423

Well done, Oleks! I was away for a while but now I am back and I am trying to follow along. Keep up the good work!

So, we have three types of memory: sensory, short-term, [comma recommended] and long-term. We transfer useful information from sensory to short-term memory with the help of attention. In other words, we (will) remember what we pay attention to. The subsequent transfer from short-term to long-term memory is performed with the help of imagination.

Thus, attention and imagination are the cornerstones of our memory.

5
Average: 5 (1 vote)
Oleks's picture
Oleks :
I learn : English (Beginner)
10763

Hi Ali! Thank you! I am glad to see your comment again.

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edhutchins88's picture
I learn : Chinese (Beginner) French (Beginner) German (Beginner) Portuguese (Beginner) Spanish (Beginner) Arabic (Beginner)
9711

 Very interesting stuff as usual Oleks!

That's very true - I find that if I am not paying attention to something (like a speech someone is giving) I simply do not remember it!

This extract is very well written, and it is virtually impossible to find anything that needs to be corrected! Your speech was also very good, clear and fluent too! yes

I only have one, minor suggestion (Just to make the sentence below a bit simpler. What you have written is perfectly grammatically correct though! It is just my opinion.)

The subsequent transfer from short-term to long-term memory is performed with the help of imagination. - We use our / make use of our imagination to transfer information stored in our short-term memory to our long-term memory.

 

5
Average: 5 (1 vote)
Oleks's picture
Oleks :
I learn : English (Beginner)
10763

Hi Ed! Thank you! I am glad to know your opinion about my speech. Now, I know that I am not trying in vain, and I am making progress.

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edhutchins88's picture
I learn : Chinese (Beginner) French (Beginner) German (Beginner) Portuguese (Beginner) Spanish (Beginner) Arabic (Beginner)
9711

You sure have made an unbelievable amount of progress these past few months smiley

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Oleks's picture
Oleks :
I learn : English (Beginner)
10763

Thank you, Ed! :)

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Karin Brauner's picture
I learn : German (Beginner)
1830

Great work!

I studied memory as a psychologist, and you are correct in your text, but there are some newer, updated theories that say that it is not absolutely necessary for attention or repetition to happen in order to remember. For example, when you hear a song and you remember someone or something from your past. 

 

5
Average: 5 (1 vote)
Oleks's picture
Oleks :
I learn : English (Beginner)
10763

Hi Karin! It's very interesting! Could you give a links please?

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