Another improvement of the trial and error method is the replacement of real actions with mental ones. This works well too. For example, you decide to make money on a blog. Imagine mentally what you need to do. You need to register on a hosting, pay for it, buy a domain, install a blog's engine, install plug-ins, create a design, compound a semantic core, add categories and tags, constantly write articles, do search engine optimization and promotion - and find the time for all this. Well him, this blog! Maybe you should think about something else?
So, having run through the whole process mentally, we can save months of hard work.
However, even the advanced trial and error method is yesterday. TRIZ technology, as a means of achieving the goal, offers better options. But more on that later.
|Category||Adequate to good||Good to Excellent||Needs work|
The learner's ability to pronounce words shared by the people of a particular country or region of the language they are learning.
Good effort at accent. Quite close to that of a native speaker
Excellent effort at accent. Extremely close to that of a native speaker.
Limited effort at accent. Definitely a non-native speaker
The learner's ability to speak continuously by chunking and linking words together. For example, instead of saying very slowly, "I - am - poor. I - have - no - money" like a robot, a fluent speaker would say, "I'm poor because I don't have any money."
Speech is relatively smooth; some hesitation and unevenness caused by rephrasing and searching for words
Smooth and fluid speech; few to no hesitations; no attempts to search for words; volume is excellent
Speech is frequently hesitant with some sentences left uncompleted
The learner's ability to understand the relative emphasis that may be given to certain syllables in a word, or to certain words in a phrase or sentence
Able to identify and produce correct intonation, word stress and rhythm patterns with 50-90% accuracy.
Able to identify and produce correct intonation, word stress and rhythm patterns with 90-100% accuracy.
Able to identify and produce correct intonation, word stress and rhythm patterns with < 50% accuracy
The learners' ability to enunciate the various consonants, consonant blends, vowels, and vowel blends in words, words linked together, and words in sentences.
The pronunciation contained some individual word pronunciation errors. Around 3-4 errors
The pronunciation is exceptional and mirrors a native speaker. Shows a clear understanding of word stress and intonation. Only 0-2 errors
The pronunciation is inconsistent and made it difficult to understand. 5 or more errors