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Tehreem's picture

yep, I was preparig for an exam and everything is...

Friday, March 27, 2020 - 23:34
Tehreem's picture

hahaha, thank you...

Friday, March 27, 2020 - 23:31
Oleks's picture

Thank you, Faye! I didn't know that. We make bulleted...

Friday, March 27, 2020 - 23:13
Oleks's picture

Hi Ed! Thank you! I think it’s a very good idea to group...

Friday, March 27, 2020 - 23:09
Oleks's picture

Thank you, Ali! I think you are right: complementary...

Friday, March 27, 2020 - 23:07

The method of associations 5

As your imagination develops, you will more effectively use the association method for the memorization process.
Associations can be built based on:

  • relative location of objects in space: table and chair;
  • similarities of form, color, smell, and taste: globe and ball;
  • contrast: black and white;
  • belonging to the group: apple and fruit;
  • availability in: gear and clock;
  • functional complement: soap and soap dish;
  • causation: lamp and light;
  • origin: pear and tree;
  • similarities in sound: river and beaver;
  • similarities of parts of speech: confederate and conference.
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CategoryAdequate to goodGood to ExcellentNeeds work
Accent

The learner's ability to pronounce words shared by the people of a particular country or region of the language they are learning.

Good effort at accent. Quite close to that of a native speaker
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Excellent effort at accent. Extremely close to that of a native speaker.
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Limited effort at accent. Definitely a non-native speaker
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Fluency

The learner's ability to speak continuously by chunking and linking words together. For example, instead of saying very slowly, "I - am - poor. I - have - no - money" like a robot, a fluent speaker would say, "I'm poor because I don't have any money."

Speech is relatively smooth; some hesitation and unevenness caused by rephrasing and searching for words
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Smooth and fluid speech; few to no hesitations; no attempts to search for words; volume is excellent
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Speech is frequently hesitant with some sentences left uncompleted
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Intonation

The learner's ability to understand the relative emphasis that may be given to certain syllables in a word, or to certain words in a phrase or sentence

Able to identify and produce correct intonation, word stress and rhythm patterns with 50-90% accuracy.
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Able to identify and produce correct intonation, word stress and rhythm patterns with 90-100% accuracy.
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Able to identify and produce correct intonation, word stress and rhythm patterns with < 50% accuracy
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Pronunciation

The learners' ability to enunciate the various consonants, consonant blends, vowels, and vowel blends in words, words linked together, and words in sentences.

The pronunciation contained some individual word pronunciation errors. Around 3-4 errors
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The pronunciation is exceptional and mirrors a native speaker. Shows a clear understanding of word stress and intonation. Only 0-2 errors
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The pronunciation is inconsistent and made it difficult to understand. 5 or more errors
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Aliakbar Majidi's picture
I learn : French (Beginner) Persian (Expert) Spanish (Beginner)
8423

As your imagination develops, you will more effectively use the association method for the memorization process (more effectively).

The associations can be built based on:

 

    Relative location of objects in space: table and chair;

    Similarities of form, color, smell, and taste: globe and ball;

    Contrast: black and white;

    Belonging to the a group: apple and fruit;

    Availability in: gear and clock;

    Functional complement (Complementary function?): soap and soap dish;

    Causation (cause and effect): lamp and light;

    Origin: pear and tree;

    Similarity in sound: river and beaver (Beware: river -> /i/ and beaver -> /i:/);

    Similarity of parts of speech: confederate and conference.

5
Average: 5 (1 vote)
Oleks's picture
Oleks :
I learn : English (Beginner)
10763

Thank you, Ali! I think you are right: complementary function.

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edhutchins88's picture
I learn : Chinese (Beginner) French (Beginner) German (Beginner) Portuguese (Beginner) Spanish (Beginner) Arabic (Beginner)
9711

Hi Oleks,

This advice is just perfect for language learners yes

I am tempted to creat a new document (in a language I learn like Spanish) and group together (for example) all the new words I learn that sound similar. I am sure that this will help me enhance my speaking and writing skills.

A couple of comments

1. for the memorization process. -to help you improve your memory (suggestion: makes it sound a bit less "academic" and more simple)

2. belonging to the group: - belonging to the same group;

 
5
Average: 5 (1 vote)
Oleks's picture
Oleks :
I learn : English (Beginner)
10763

Hi Ed! Thank you! I think it’s a very good idea to group together new words that sound similar.

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Faye W.C.'s picture
I learn : French (Beginner)
939

Good job Oleks!

Only suggestion for the text is in the format of the text. I see the bullet points for each area and then semicolons. The semicolon after each point is not need if they are space out by the bullet points. If your text did not contain the bullet points then the semicolons would be more fitting to separate each text point.

 

5
Average: 5 (1 vote)
Oleks's picture
Oleks :
I learn : English (Beginner)
10763

Thank you, Faye! I didn't know that. We make bulleted lists differently.

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